INTERNATIONAL TREATIES AND OBLIGATIONS

The Royal Government of Cambodia is a strong advocate for effective mine action protocols and works to address these issues in international forums. The following treaties/international obligations of which the CMAA are signatories guide the CMAA in fulfilling its mandate in the sector.

Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty (APMBT) – signed by the Royal Government of Cambodia on 03 December 1997 and ratified on 18, July 1999. Also known as the Ottawa Convention, this treaty, binding under international law, brings the international community together to end the global production, use and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines. As State Party, Cambodia is obliged to clear all landmines by 2009, but requested and was granted a ten-year extension until 2019.

United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) and its Optional Protocol - The Convention fights discrimination in relation to a wide range of rights that are often not accorded to persons with disabilities, and in this context, landmine survivors, either deliberately or through neglect. Its Optional Protocol allows them to petition an international expert body.

Convention on Certain Convention Weapons (CCW) - the Royal Government of Cambodia is a regular participant in discussions

Millennium Development Goal 9 (De-mining, ERW and Victim Assistance) – Contamination of land by landmines and ERWs continue to impede development, hence the Government added a ninth MDG which aims to eliminate the negative humanitarian and socio-economic impacts of landmines and unexploded ordnances (UXOs) by 2025.