អាជ្ញាធរកម្ពុជាគ្រប់គ្រងសកម្មភាពកម្ចាត់មីន និងសង្គ្រោះជនពិការដោយសារមីន
Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority

វិទ្យុផ្សាយផ្ទាល់

    Brief of CMAA

    សៅរ៍ ២៧ ឧសភា ,២០១៧ ១១:១៨ 10152

    Legal framework and mandate

    The Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA), established under Royal Decree No. 177 on 06 September 2000, is mandated to regulate, monitor and coordinate the mine action sector in Cambodia.
    CMAA is under the direct leadership of the Prime Minister and the CMAA Vice President while the CMAA Secretary General manages operations related to its mandate.

     

    The CMAA is also responsible for formulating strategic and work performance plans necessary to achieve the priorities stipulated in the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP). The CMAA has led the sector in formulating key policy and strategic frameworks, such as the National Mine Action Strategy 2010-2019 and the Partnership Principles, as well as guidance and instructions for managing and regulating the sector, such as the Cambodian Mine Action Standards (CMAS), and the planning and prioritization guidelines.

     

    CMAA is also tasked to lead and coordinate mine action activities implemented by mine clearance operators. In addition, CMAA facilitates the integration of development projects into mine action activities by enhancing partnerships between government ministries and institutions, development partners, local authorities, community development organizations and other development entities. To improve aid coordination and partnership between development partners and the Government, CMAA coordinates the Technical Working Group on Mine Action (TWG-MA) which is under the leadership of the CMAA Vice President.

     

    The CMAA is composed of the following members from relevant Government institutions:

     

    1 Sumdech Hun Sen Prime Minister of the Royal Government of Cambodia President
    2 H.E. Ly Thuch Senior Minister in charge of Special Mission 1st Vice President
    3 H.E. Sem Sovanny Senior Minister 2nd Vice President
    4 H.E. Prum Sophakmokol Secretary General  Secretary General
    5 H.E. Ith Sam Heng Minister of Social Affairs, Labor, Vocational Training and Youth Rehabilitation Member
    6 H.E. Uch Kiman Secretary of State, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Member
    7 H.E. Prum Sokha Secretary of State, Ministry of Interior Member
    8 H.E. Chhieng Yanara Deputy Secretary General, Council of Development in Cambodia Member
    9 H.E. Chay Saing Yun Secretary of State, Ministry of National Defense Member
    10 H.E. Ou Orhat Secretary of State, Ministry of Planning  Member
    11 H.E. Leng Penh Long Member of Legal Council, Office of the Council of Ministers Member
    12 H.E. Svay Sitha Under Secretary of State, Secretary General, Council for Demobilization of Armed Forces Member
    13 H.E. Sous Kong Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Rural Development Member
    14 H.E. Nhean Leng Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Economy and Finance Member
    15 H.E. Sek Setha Director-General, Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction Member

    INTERNATIONAL TREATIES AND OBLIGATIONS

    The Royal Government of Cambodia is a strong advocate for effective mine action protocols and works to address these issues in international forums. The following treaties/international obligations of which the CMAA are signatories guide the CMAA in fulfilling its mandate in the sector.

     

    Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty (APMBT) – signed by the Royal Government of Cambodia on 03 December 1997 and ratified on 18, July 1999. Also known as the Ottawa Convention, this treaty, binding under international law, brings the international community together to end the global production, use and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines. As State Party, Cambodia is obliged to clear all landmines by 2009, but requested and was granted a ten-year extension until 2019.

    United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) and its Optional Protocol - The Convention fights discrimination in relation to a wide range of rights that are often not accorded to persons with disabilities, and in this context, landmine survivors, either deliberately or through neglect. Its Optional Protocol allows them to petition an international expert body.

    Convention on Certain Convention Weapons (CCW) - the Royal Government of Cambodia is a regular participant in discussions

    Millennium Development Goal 9 (De-mining, ERW and Victim Assistance) – Contamination of land by landmines and ERWs continue to impede development, hence the Government added a ninth MDG which aims to eliminate the negative humanitarian and socio-economic impacts of landmines and unexploded ordnances (UXOs) by 2025.


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