The Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA), established under Royal Decree No. 177 on 06 September 2000, is mandated to regulate, monitor and coordinate the mine action sector in Cambodia.
CMAA is under the direct leadership of the Prime Minister and the CMAA Vice President while the CMAA Secretary General manages operations related to its mandate.
The CMAA is also responsible for formulating strategic and work performance plans necessary to achieve the priorities stipulated in the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP). The CMAA has led the sector in formulating key policy and strategic frameworks, such as the National Mine Action Strategy 2010-2019 and the Partnership Principles, as well as guidance and instructions for managing and regulating the sector, such as the Cambodian Mine Action Standards (CMAS), and the planning and prioritization guidelines.
CMAA is also tasked to lead and coordinate mine action activities implemented by mine clearance operators. In addition, CMAA facilitates the integration of development projects into mine action activities by enhancing partnerships between government ministries and institutions, development partners, local authorities, community development organizations and other development entities. To improve aid coordination and partnership between development partners and the Government, CMAA coordinates the Technical Working Group on Mine Action (TWG-MA) which is under the leadership of the CMAA Vice President.
The CMAA is composed of the following members from relevant Government institutions:
The Royal Government of Cambodia is a strong advocate for effective mine action protocols and works to address these issues in international forums. The following treaties/international obligations of which the CMAA are signatories guide the CMAA in fulfilling its mandate in the sector.
Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty (APMBT) – signed by the Royal Government of Cambodia on 03 December 1997 and ratified on 18, July 1999. Also known as the Ottawa Convention, this treaty, binding under international law, brings the international community together to end the global production, use and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines. As State Party, Cambodia is obliged to clear all landmines by 2009, but requested and was granted a ten-year extension until 2019.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) and its Optional Protocol - The Convention fights discrimination in relation to a wide range of rights that are often not accorded to persons with disabilities, and in this context, landmine survivors, either deliberately or through neglect. Its Optional Protocol allows them to petition an international expert body.
Convention on Certain Convention Weapons (CCW) - the Royal Government of Cambodia is a regular participant in discussions
Millennium Development Goal 9 (De-mining, ERW and Victim Assistance) – Contamination of land by landmines and ERWs continue to impede development, hence the Government added a ninth MDG which aims to eliminate the negative humanitarian and socio-economic impacts of landmines and unexploded ordnances (UXOs) by 2025.